16 novembro 2017

Efeito propriedade: nenhuma teoria consegue explicar

O efeito propriedade é um desvio da teoria economica, mas também não pode ser explicado pela  economia comportamental.


An enormous literature documents that willingness to pay (WTP) is less than willingness to accept (WTA) a monetary amount for an object, a phenomenon called the endowment effect. Using data from an incentivized survey of a representative sample of 3,000 U.S. adults, we add one (probably) surprising additional finding: WTA and WTP for a lottery are, at best, slightly correlated. Across all respondents, the correlation is slightly negative. A meta-study of published experiments with university students shows a correlation of around 0.15--0.2, consistent with the correlation in our data for high-IQ respondents. While poorly related to each other, WTA and WTP are closely related to different measures of risk aversion, and relatively stable across time. We show that the endowment effect is not related to individual-level measures of loss aversion, counter to Prospect Theory or Stochastic Reference Dependence.

Willingness to Pay and Willingness to Accept are Probably Less Correlated Than You Think Jonathan Chapman, Mark Dean, Pietro Ortoleva, Erik Snowberg, and Colin Camerer NBER Working Paper No. 23954 October 2017

Nenhum comentário:

Postar um comentário