19 julho 2016

Erros de previsão fiscal dos governos


Government forecasts of GDP growth and budget balances are generally more over-optimistic than private sector forecasts. When official forecasts are especially optimistic relative to private forecasts ex ante, they are more likely also to be over-optimistic relative to realizations ex post. For example, euro area governments during the period 1999-2007 assiduously and inaccurately avoided forecasting deficit levels that would exceed the 3% Stability and Growth Pact threshold; meanwhile private sector forecasters were not subject to this crude bias. As a result, the budget-making process could probably be improved by using private-sector forecasts.

Fonte: Frankel, Jeffrey A. and Schreger, Jesse, Bias in Official Fiscal Forecasts: Can Private Forecasts Help? (May 20, 2016). HKS Working Paper No. 16-021. 

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